new B emission star survey

Introduction

This survey try to find new emission star. But we also try to study new emission star published like APOGEE star list: http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.4668.
One goal of this project is to elect some of these stars with the help of professionnal astronomer to official Classical Be star (CBe) and add these stars in the Bess Database.
Basicly a Be star is a star with a spectral type B who was already observed with a Ha line in emission. But in fact some classical Be star have spectral type O,B,A and even F0. Look to bibliography for a more detailled definition.
Below, you can find Classical Be star candidates from various observer of ARAS group, observation of know emission star, a list of potential target and a list of already observed star.
Low resolution spectrum can be use to detect the emission line, but we need high resolution spectrum to confirm low resolution observation.

We communicate alert, make discussion on the ARAS Spectroscopy sub forum dedicated to Be Search

New Classical Be candidate

We observe a emission line for these stars. But we do not find any publication which describe an emission. These stars are today not included in Bess database. H,K,V magnitude are from CDS SIMBAD
Namemag Vinfrared
excess
H-K
Observation Date in UTObserverCommentResolutionplotfits file
BD+03 3861 8.63+0.062014-10-05T20:09:51Thierry Lemoult603plot_bd+033861_20141005_840_Thierry Lemoult.fits
BD+28 4177 9.86-0.072014-09-14T20:25:43Thierry Lemoult724plot_bd+284177_20140914_851_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-09-27T18:51:08cbuil48933plot_bd+284177_20140927_786.fits
BD+54 2775 9.60+0.042014-10-14T03:49:17Thierry Lemoult592plot_bd+542775_20141014_159_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-28T21:25:07Leadbeater15529plot_bd+542775_20141028_892_Leadbeater.fit
BD+57 2581 10.08+0.142014-09-11T21:06:58Thierry Lemoult556plot_bd+572581_20140911_880_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-11-10T00:25:54Leadbeater15541plot_bd+572581_20141110_018_Leadbeater.fit
2014-12-05T19:01:23Leadbeater15524plot_bd+572581_20141205_793_Leadbeater.fit
BD+58 310 10.292014-09-28T21:41:09Thierry Lemoult670plot_bd+58310_20140928_904_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-28T22:53:43Leadbeater15458plot_bd+58310_20141028_954_Leadbeater.fit
BD+59 2675 10.34+0.202014-09-10T21:48:39Thierry Lemoult393plot_bd+592675_20140910_909_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-11-20T19:01:02Paolo Berardi14776plot_bd+592675_20141120_792.fit
BD+60 133 9.54+0.082014-09-26T22:06:48Thierry Lemoult587plot_bd+60133_20140926_921_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-09-27T21:32:50cbuil48933plot_bd+60133_20140927_898.fits
BD+60 2523 9.94+0.122014-09-11T21:53:16Thierry Lemoult544plot_bd+602523_20140911_912_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-09-27T19:59:36cbuil48933plot_bd+602523_20140927_833.fits
BD+60 2645 9.42+0.012014-10-21T18:17:50Thierry Lemoult590plot_bd+602645_20141021_762_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-28T23:57:57Leadbeater15446plot_bd+602645_20141028_999_Leadbeater.fit
BD+63 1964 8.49+0.122014-09-10T22:01:36Thierry Lemoult409plot_bd+631964_20140910_918_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-07T22:45:52Leadbeater15513plot_bd+631964_20141007_949_Leadbeater.fit
HD12243 7.99+0.022014-09-30T22:54:22Thierry Lemoult576plot_hd12243_20140930_954_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-07T03:32:17Leadbeater15513plot_hd12243_20141007_147_Leadbeater.fit
HD16485 6.59+0.062014-09-28T00:01:39Thierry Lemoult568plot_hd16485_20140928_001_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-01T21:40:54cbuil48628plot_hd16485_20141001_903_25.fit
HD179793 8.64+0.062014-10-05T20:30:03Thierry Lemoult613plot_hd179793_20141005_854_Thierry Lemoult.fits
HD181751 6.55-0.282014-09-21T20:15:57SAJB321plot_hd181751_20140921_844_SAJB.fit
2014-09-22T19:12:55Leadbeater15513plot_hd181751_20140922_801_Leadbeater.fit
2014-09-22T19:38:38SAJB1153plot_hd181751_20140922_818_SAJB.fit
2014-09-26T20:23:03fteyssier1236plot_hd181751_20140926_849_fteyssier.fit
HD184061 7.05+0.032015-10-17T18:22:46PBerardi2527plot_hd184061_20151017_766.fit
2015-10-19T20:32:37Hubert_Boussier581plot_hd184061_20151019_856_Hubert_Boussier.fit
2015-10-23T18:26:22Paolo Berardi3000plot_hd184061_20151023_768.fit
2015-10-24T17:08:31Paolo Berardi6000plot_hd184061_20151024_714.fit
HD191494 8.742014-10-13T22:32:25Thierry Lemoult590plot_hd191494_20141013_939_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-28T20:09:22Leadbeater15513plot_hd191494_20141028_840_Leadbeater.fit
2015-06-04T23:24:11Thierry Lemoult11000plot_hd191494_20150604_975_34_Thierry Lemoult.fits
HD225859 9.11-0.022014-10-03T23:50:30Thierry Lemoult575plot_hd225859_20141003_993_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-11-21T17:14:09Paolo Berardi14712plot_hd225859_20141121_718.fit
2015-06-05T01:43:29Thierry Lemoult11000plot_hd225859_20150605_072_34_Thierry Lemoult.fits
HD237126 9.48+0.072014-09-09T23:52:55Thierry Lemoult396plot_hd237126_20140909_995_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-09-28T00:13:51cbuil48263plot_hd237126_20140928_010.fits
HD253928 9.14+0.042014-10-21T02:53:45Thierry Lemoult584plot_hd253928_20141021_121_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-23T02:15:46cbuil47632plot_hd253928_20141023_094_25_cbuil.fit
HD44783 6.22+0.042014-10-22T02:54:01Thierry Lemoult602plot_hd44783_20141022_121_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-23T01:39:33cbuil48002plot_hd44783_20141023_069_25.fit
HD6676 5.77+0.002014-10-06T22:23:36SAJB359plot_hd6676_20141006_933_SAJB.fit
2014-10-07T02:43:24Leadbeater15513plot_hd6676_20141007_113_Leadbeater.fit
HD9878 6.71+0.032016-10-31T22:20:24Martineau Buchet1049plot_hd9878_20161031_931.fit
2016-11-10T19:32:21Paolo Berardi5954plot_hd9878_20161110_814.fit

Star already publish as emission star

We observe a emission line for these star. We find past publication which describe the emission.H,K,V magnitude from CDS SIMBAD
Namemag Vinfrared
excess
H-K
Observation Date in UTObserverCommentResolutionplotfits file
BD+64 106 10.23+0.092014-09-25T22:43:34Thierry Lemoultemission line signaled in Catalogue of Stellar Spectral Classifications (Skiff, 2009-2014)597plot_bd+64106_20140925_947_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-09-27T23:04:03cbuilemission line signaled in Catalogue of Stellar Spectral Classifications (Skiff, 2009-2014)48933plot_bd+64106_20140927_961.fits
HD151067 7.192014-10-01T21:44:30Thierry Lemoultemission line signaled in Catalogue of Stellar Spectral Classifications (Skiff, 2009-2014)716plot_hd151067_20141001_906_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-12-02T17:56:35Leadbeateremission line signaled in Catalogue of Stellar Spectral Classifications (Skiff, 2009-2014)15286plot_hd151067_20141202_748_Leadbeater.fit

Balmer emission check on APOGEE list

These stars are part of the APOGEE list star. The reference article is here http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.4668. H,K,V magnitude are from CDS SIMBAD
Namemag Vinfrared
excess
H-K
Observation Date in UTObserverCommentResolutionplotfits file
HD1864852014-12-02T19:17:08Leadbeater15260plot_hd186485_20141202_804_Leadbeater.fit
HD189847 6.92-0.082014-09-24T20:19:38SAJB307plot_hd189847_20140924_847_SAJB.fit
2014-09-24T21:14:06Leadbeater15513plot_hd189847_20140924_885_Leadbeater.fit
2014-09-25T19:08:33cbuil48393plot_hd189847_20140925_798_25_cbuil.fit
2014-09-26T19:44:36fteyssier1246plot_hd189847_20140926_823_fteyssier.fit
2014-10-12T20:25:22Thierry Lemoult544plot_hd189847_20141012_851_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-13T19:10:57cbuil48648plot_hd189847_20141013_799_25_cbuil.fit
HD219523 7.17-0.002014-09-26T23:57:26LeadbeaterHa line in absorbtion.15513plot_hd219523_20140926_998_Leadbeater.fit
2014-09-27T01:07:46LeadbeaterHa line in absorbtion.15913plot_hd219523_ABE-98_ha_respcor_telrem_helcor_20140927_047_Leadbeater.fits
HD2221852014-12-05T20:22:31Leadbeater15515plot_hd222185_20141205_849_Leadbeater.fit
HD223924 8.20-0.002014-10-04T23:21:46SAJB359plot_hd223924_20141004_973_SAJB.fit
2014-12-02T23:02:52Leadbeater15224plot_hd223924_20141202_960_Leadbeater.fit
2014-12-05T17:40:53Leadbeater15555plot_hd223924_20141205_737_Leadbeater.fit
HD285432014-12-02T20:32:13Leadbeater15259plot_hd28543_20141202_856_Leadbeater.fit
HD336562014-12-05T22:59:31LeadbeaterHa line in absorbtion15449plot_hd33656_20141205_958_Leadbeater.fit
HD34906 9.20+0.042014-09-28T03:44:48Thierry Lemoult586plot_hd34906_20140928_156_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-10-07T04:14:55Leadbeater15513plot_hd34906_20141007_177_Leadbeater.fit
HD364672014-12-02T21:42:35Leadbeater15209plot_hd36467_20141202_905_Leadbeater.fit
HD40724 6.36+0.012014-10-07T03:12:57Thierry Lemoult531plot_hd40724_20141007_134_Thierry Lemoult.fits
2014-11-06T00:56:31Leadbeater15436plot_hd40724_20141106_039_Leadbeater.fit
2014-12-02T23:49:34Leadbeater15192plot_hd40724_20141202_993_Leadbeater.fit
HD416002014-12-03T00:39:13Leadbeater15220plot_hd41600_20141203_027_Leadbeater.fit
HD436812014-12-05T21:39:32Leadbeater15422plot_hd43681_20141205_902_Leadbeater.fit
2014-12-06T01:06:06Leadbeater15452plot_hd43681_20141206_046_Leadbeater.fit
HD6282014-12-02T18:38:10Leadbeater15244plot_hd628_20141202_777_Leadbeater.fit

Submit Be candidate spectrum

Send me any candidate new emission star. I will published it on this web page. Email me your fits file at this adress: thierry dot lemoult arobase gmail dot com

Please follow these rules:

To be or not to Be

Following the work of Andrew Smith posted on ARAS forum here
Here some criteria that would allow the identification of classical Be stars from the more general categories of B stars showing emission. This is based on paper: Classical Be stars" by Thomas Rivinius et al Astron Astrophys Rev (2013) 21:69.

These criteria need to be discuss.
Criteria to Be
  1. Shows Balmer line(s) in emission (or has done in the past).
  2. Non super-giant star.
  3. High resolution spectra of Balmer lines does not show P Cygni or inverse P Cygni profiles.
  4. High resolution spectra do not show forbiden emission lines.
  5. Does not show a strong infrared excess. Allen & Swings 1976 AA 47 293-302 are quoted in The Astrophysics of Emission-Line Stars by Kogure & Leung as saying "The H-K color takes the values of -0.1 - +0.5 in ordinary Be stars."H and K value can be checked at CDS SIMBAD or 2MASS catalog.
  6. Does not have a Roche lobe filling companion.
  7. Does not have variability in which the circumstellar environment shows variability with strictly the same period as the photosphere.

Bibliography

  • The frequency of Be Stars, Jaschek, 1983 http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983A%26A...117..357J
  • Classification of Be Stars, Jaschek, 1980 http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980A%26AS...42..103J
  • APOGEE star list article http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.4668
  • To be completed...

    Survey target list

  • List currently used by Thierry Lemoult, extracted from SIMBAD 6<B mag < 10.9
  • List of non giant B stars ( V < 10) from Simbad http://www.astronomie-amateur.fr/Documents%20Spectro/B_Cibles.xlsm

    List of already observed star

    red dot Thierry Lemoult, blue dot SAJB
  • HTML table
  • CSV formatLast update at 18/11/2016 23:07 from fits files. Contact: thierry dot lemoult arobase gmail dot com