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Rima Ariadaeus is a fine example of a straight rille. Ariadaeus Rille is over 300 km in length; a portion of the central section of the rille about 120 km in length is pictured here. A linear section of the crust is dropped down along parallel faults or breaks in the crust to form a graben or fault trough. The ridges crossing the trough and the surrounding plains units have been offset by the trough, proving that they are older than the faults. Some craters are cut off by the faults and are, therefore, older. Other craters lie on the wall of the trough and are younger than the faulting. The faulting must be relatively young because so few craters appear to be younger than the faults, and because the edges of the trough appear to be crisp and little affected by slumping and other mass wasting.
There is a gradation between straight rilles, gently curving rilles,
and sinuous rilles modified by volcanic flows. This example shows no trace
of associated volcanism; it is, therefore, considered to be the end member
of the sequence, where only pure faulting is involved.-H.M.
Report Source: NASA SP-362, Page 207, Figure 217
This web page was created by Francis Ridge
for The Lunascan Project
Section Directory 34