Hubble an experience to disprove relativity

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Section 1) Einstein's theory where it comes from?
Section 2) Focal displacement with light speed change
A) If Einstein was wrong the effect on space telescope
B) Wave theory and focal displacement in reflection
Section 3) Hubble proves our theory
A) It was not a structural defect.
B) Astronomers comments for near objects
C) Astronomers comments for far objects
D) Press release as published
Section 4) Theory light propagation
Section 5) Michelson Morley experiment
Section 6) Details of calculations
Galaxy M100 avant apres
Galaxy M100 avant apres repairs


A- Here is what we have learned from researchers of the past:

1) Planck's Radiation study of radiant Cavity (approx. 1900):
He assumed that the atoms that make up these cavity walls behave like tiny electromagnetic oscillators. The oscillators emit electromagnetic energy into the cavity and absorb it from the cavity. The cavity walls have a uniform temperature of around 2000 degree K. Ref. Halliday - Resnick page 1178
2)R. A. Millikan ( 1868 - 1953) Nobel prize winner in 1923 for his study of the photoelectric effect.
a) Photoelectric effect is largely a surface phenomenon. It is necessary to avoid oxide films, grease, or other surface contaminants. (From that we can see the first layers of atoms reacting quickly with light) Ref. Halliday - Resnick page 1181
b) Einstein's photon hypothesis meets the objections raised against the wave-theory interpretation of the photoelectric effect. Light beam travels through space in concentrated bundles, called photons. The photon carries a fixed amount "h.v" of energy into the surface. Because the energy is in a concentrated bundle, it is not spread uniformly over a large area, as in wave theory. The theory seems to be in direct conflict with the wave theory of light. Ref. Halliday - Resnick page 1183. Einstein était conscient que son énoncé était en désaccord avec la théorie de Maxwell qui défini la lumière comme étant une onde électromagnétique. We conclude that the atomes must absorbe the photon's energy
Réf. #8. : vitesse de la lumière en réfraction

Ref. #10a) Light is a wave ?

3) Seventeen centuries, Huygen's Principle and the law of refraction:
To explain refraction and reflection, Huygen presented the light as a wave front. The application of Huygen's principle to refraction requires that if a light ray is bent toward the normal in passing from air to an optically dense medium then the speed of light in that optically dense medium 'glass' must be less than that in air. The theory is the same for the reflection of a plane wave. (Ref. Halliday - Resnick page 1020 )
4) Proposed theory in the past :
In the pass some represented the light travelling as if the source was a machine-gun sending projectiles. The theory felt short of explaining the phenomenon of refraction and was dropped.


1) The model description
Instead of a machine-gun think of a contingent of soldiers who fire under the order of a commandant. We would have wave of projectile made up of photons. The model would fit the law of refraction and reflection as presented by Huygen. See the diagram below, the wave and photons trajectories are shown as lines. Now we have to explain what happens when the photons hit an optically dense medium surface. From what we already discuss the energy is absorbed by the electrons from first atoms layers. In turn the electron emit electromagnetic energy to the next layer of atoms.. Display diagram ( Particles wave/refraction)

Particles wave theory/refraction
"Particles wave theory/refraction">

2) Analogy to Planck's theory
They react as Planck described it, they behave like tiny electromagnetic oscillators. The oscillators emit electromagnetic energy into the next layer and absorb it from previous one. If we can see through glass, it is not that the photons travel across the glass. The electromagnetic energy is first absorbed and than transmitted from layers to layers. From other research source we understand that the electrons spin capture the information and release it to the next stage. (voir réf:) the properties of the photons are transferred to the atoms
3) The model behaviour in refraction and reflection
At Each impact point the photon is absorbed and when transmitted become a point source of light to reform the wave as shown in the diagram. Depending on the type of material, the atoms surface electrons will absorb the energy. Now the energy can be directed trough the body as in refraction, send back as in reflection or transformed into heat for black body. 4) Einstein's constant "c"
We can now define Einstein's constant "c" the speed of light. The atom electrons emit electromagnetic energy in accordance to quantum physic. The photon carries a fixed amount of energy in a concentrated bundle. The photon is always emitted at the constant speed "c" relatively to the atom itself Now we can see why Michelson always measured the same speed for the light. A measuring instruments will always give the speed of light in relation to its own atoms at 300 000 km/sec.
5) Instruments that measure the true speed of light
The only way to measure the true incoming speed is by using the reflection principle on a curved mirror in space. We use in this article Hubble telescope. The incident light must impact the mirror prior from touching anything. If it hit something before the mirror, the speed of light would become 300 000 km/sec in relation to the object it struck. We can calculate the speed of the incident light from the change in the mirror focal length. We could also use a lens in refraction, we would obtain the same effect.
6) Michelson's experience explanations.
Ref.#5 expériences faites par Michelson et Morley

If we apply the theory to Michelson's experience, we see that the two light rays come back at the same speed and without a phase change. The analogy is of two swimmer in a pool on a boat. One swims in the way of the boat the other across. The relative speed between the swimmers is independent of the speed of the boat. Again that illustration explain why Michelson did not see a difference in his experimentation. No Einstein theory of relativity is not necessary to explain the observation done on the speed of light. We can explain what happens with classic physic. The KISS principle hold true here Keep It Simple.

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